The seaside Puglia resort of Polignano a Mare is just 36km south of Bari, about 40 minutes by car passing through Mola di Bari. Having crossed the bridge over Cala Porto your arrival into the town is a spectacular panoramic descent along the Lama Monachili through an ancient path and towards the cove which opens onto a white pebble beach, itself surrounded by overhanging rocks.
The grottoes and caverns should all be explored from sea or land, but in particular Grotta Palazzese and Rondinelle. Those who know them well are the fishermen who have probably been working here even before old Neapolis Peuceta was founded by Dionigi II, the tyrant of Siracusa.
Polignano grew rich through passing trade and Greek coins were even minted here. The Romans favoured the city for buying grain.
The Lombards, Venetians and Normans all enjoyed control and Polignano was a favourite stopover for Crusaders on their way to Brindisi.
Do not miss out on a visit to the Benedictine Abbey of San Vito. Dating for the 13th century what we see today was put up by 1580, not least the fine fortress lookout tower.
The Church of Santa Maria Assunta in the heart of the historical centre contains priceless local art such as the Presepe in the Chapel. Dating from 1503 it has been declared a national treasure.
Another national treasure from Polignano is, was, of course, singer Domenco Modugno.
Although he found fame far away from home, we're sure he must have got back every year for the Feast of San Vito (15 June) and the Dive World Cup. www.comune.polignanoamare.ba.it