Mosaic is a decorative technique that creates geometric or figurative designs by arranging small fragments (“tessere”) of marble, terracotta, glazed ware or glass and setting them into a layer of cement. Text with kind permission of Savelli Arte e Tradizione
Invented over 4,500 years ago in ancient Greece, the mosaic technique was adopted by the Romans, who then spread it throughout their empire. Mosaic work found particular expression in particular in the Byzantine period, when this magnificent art form was widely used as an ornamental style in civic and religious buildings.
In the Roman age, the art of mosaic reached a splendor still visible in the decorations of floors, even in private homes, as it became an extravagant display of wealth and prestige.