The region of Puglia can be neatly split into three zones; the flat north plain and Gargano, the heel known as Salento, and the iconic central zones of Bari and Brindisi.
The Appian Way of Wine or 'L'Appia dei Vini' is the name of a wine route or 'strada del vino' which passes through the province of Brindisi in Puglia.
It departs from the countryside around Ostuni and takes in the comune of Latiano, Mesagne, S.Vito dei Normanni and ends in the city of Brindisi.
This is in effect the ancient wine producing zone of Enotria which literally means 'land of wine' although the name was used by the Greeks to refer to all of today's Apulia.
THe Appian Way, of course, started in Rome and ended in Brindisi.
Gallipoli is located in the province of Lecce on the west coast of Salento.
It is known as the queen of the 'Basso Ionio', mainly because of the fabulous setting of the old city nestled on a small island just off the coast, closed and defended from the elements and much more.
Some say the island was built by the Venetians properly for this purpose, but even the Romans had built a perimeter fortification.
Today, the island is connected to the mainland by a bridge.
The whitewashed conical shaped homes or trulli of Alberobello have become the symbol of the region of Puglia in a way the famous cypress tree road in the Orcia Valley has become the symbol of Tuscany.
So much so when we saw them for first time, they seemed like old friends. Yet, there are literally thousands of trulli in and around the Itria Valley.
Alberobello may be the iconic city, but the trulli were essentially temporary countryside accommodation.
They could be dismantled and the roof elements built elsewhere in no time at all, often to beat the local taxman in times past.
Drive through such towns as Castellana Grotte and you stumble upon them incorporated into all sorts of modern buildings as the towns expanded after the second world war.
Of all the names of Italian towns and cities, Foggia could well be the least romantic. It just doesn't throw up images in the same way as San Gimignano or Urbino.
Yet, it is full of history as it sits the center of the 'Tavoliere', an immense plain is as flat as a pancake and historically an important crossroads for agricultural trade.
Its peak (no pun intended!) was in 15th century following a period of rule by Frederick II who liked to hunt in the nearby forests.
From the 16th century it declined, was sacked by the French, rebelled to no effect against the Spanish and was virtually destroyed by an earthquake in 1731.
The Civic Museum chronicles this history and is part of a number of itineraries suggested by the Comune di Foggia on their colorful website.
Martina Franca, the 'City of Wine', is located in the province of Taranto, just over the border from the province of Bari and a stone's throw away from Alberobello, the famous town of the trulli. All things considered this is very much Itria Valley.
It takes its name from the tax exemptions or 'franche' enjoyed by the inhabitants when Philippe d'Anjou, the Prince of Taranto, was in charge. The Prince wanted a secure town on the summit of San Martino hill overlooking the wild valley.
The 'Martina' comes from S.Martino who built the first houses for the refuges of Taranto escaping from the Saracens in the 10th century. It was the original inhabitants, led by the monks of Greek origin, who first cultivated the arid land.
Do not confuse Taranto in Puglia with Trapani in Sicily, or even Tarcento in Friuli Venzia Giulia which couldn't be further away.
Founded around 700 BC, as Sparta's only ever colony, it became the capital of Magna Grecia.
The name is a reference to Taras or Tiras who was the son of Neptune (Poseidon for the Greeks).
This ancient Greek port is renowned for its 2 seas. The 'Mar Grande' extends into the Gulf of Taranto and the Ionian Sea, while the 'Mar Piccolo' is a natural bay contained by the 'città vecchia' and the surrounding coast.
It is a city that suffered countless invasions. All the usual suspects got there but a special place is reserved for the Saracens who 'razed the city to a heap of rubble'.
The present 'città vecchia' is the subsequent rebuilding work undertaken by the Byzantines.
If you like your history bold and brassy, you'll love the town of Lucera in the province of Foggia. Just outside the modern boundaries are two fabulously preserved structures; the Ampitheater of Romano Augusto and the Fortress Svevo Angioina.
The first dates from 27 B.C. and was built on private land for gladiatorial combats. It was funded entirely by local magistrate Marco Vecilio Campo in honor of the Emperor Augustus and the gentrified Lucera colony.
It could seat 18,000 people and is 126.8m long and 94.5m wide. It is a superb stadium, a bowl set 9 meters into the ground and virtually intact.
The 13th century Swabian fortress of Svevo Angioina stands on the highest point overlooking the town and the border countryside.
Locorotondo is about an hour's drive from Bari and just 8km from the trulli of Alberobello.
To get there you will take a winding road passing almond and olive tree groves to suddenly see at the top of a hill a series of white washed houses gleaming in the sun.